Category Archives: Psychology

A Conversation on Race for The London School of Economics



Dr Jacqueline Nelson

The geographies of racism, or how racism manifests spatially and temporally, are of increasing concern to racism scholars. Communicating research about different geographies of racism to wider public audiences can be a difficult task. This special SoundMinds Radio LSE blog post sits at the intersection of two political projects, research and communication.

SoundMinds Radio is a research communication project funded by the Community Broadcasting Association of Australia. The SoundMinds team recently produced two 15-minute radio episodes on themes relating to the geographies of racism:

  1. The Migrant, The Refugee and The Border
  2. Navigating The City as a Young Muslim

The first is about how Australia’s refugee intake and skill migrant programs pivot on two key ideas: the notion of the border and the construction of a national identity and the second is about how claims of Islamic terrorism in social media will affect how young Muslims navigate the city.

The importance of geography is striking in the two podcasts. The way places are experienced, right from urban localities through to nations, depends very much on our racialised subjectivity. Boundaries or borders are central to how we collectively imagine the nation and our cities, delineating between the inside and the outside. Under pressure, from people seeking asylum (in the case of the nation) or from criminal activity involving the taking of hostages in the Sydney CBD (at the urban level), the edges or limits of these imaginings become evident.

One way that I have thought about how protective people can be in relation to place is through the concept of place defending. Applied to the issue of racism, I’ve found that people are highly motivated to protect their local area from unfavourable assessments, in the case of my research, from being labeled as a racist space. We could also apply the idea of place defending to a preferred imagining of the nation or city. Concerns about increasingly porous national borders and the possible shifts in national identity that result from this, could be constructed as place defending operating at a national level.

Similarly, we could construe the effects on mobility experienced by young Muslims at the time of the Sydney Siege as an example of urban level place defending, whereby Muslim Australians are constructed as not belonging to the city. Conversely the #Illridewithyou campaign in support of Sydney Muslims that occurred at the same time could also be seen as an alternative process of place defending, in this case to define and construct Sydney as a place where Muslim Australians belong.


Professor Ien Ang, Professor of Cultural Studies and founding Director of the Institute for Culture and Society.
Dr Shanthi Robertson, Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Culture and Society.
Rhonda Itaoui, PhD candidate member of the Challenging Racism Project and sessional academic at Western Sydney University’s School of Social Sciences and Psychology.

AUDIO : The Migrant, the Refugee and the Border

ABC QandA Episode 37, 12 October 2015
ABC NEWS Jenny McGregor, head of Asia-Link
SBS NEWS 25 OCT 2015
Free Music Archive Night Owl by Broke For Free
Free Music Archive Metal Planet by Alasdair Cooper
Free Music Archive Dream (instrumental) by Chan Wai Fat

AUDIO : Navigating the City as a Young Muslim

ABC News The Sydney siege as it unfolded
9 NEWS Social Media Campaign supporting Muslims goes viral
The Verdict Mark Latham targets western Sydney
Free Music Archive Cylinder Seven by Chris Zabriskie
Free Music Archive La tapa del miércoles by Circus Marcus
Free Music Archive Bumble by Podington Bear
Free Music Archive Pacific by Psychadelik Pedestrian
Free Music Archive Impact Prelude by Kevin MacLeod



LGBTI & Disaster Relief




  • Producer Dallas Rogers
  • LGBTI & Disaster Relief

Following a referendum in May same-sex marriage will soon to be legal in Ireland. There are calls in Australia to follow suit, and to recognise same-sex marriage.

Many see the legalisation of same-sex marriage as a symbolic victory. But legalising same-sex marriage could have far more important practical effects. Dallas speaks with Scott McKinnon about the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) communities during a natural disaster event.

When a natural disaster strikes the impact varies significantly across different social groups. LGBTI communities are poorly accounted for in disaster management policy and practice. Legal recognition could help emergency services, policy-makers and aid agencies better respond to LGBTI populations.

This episode features an additional interview with Scott recorded in 2016. In this follow-up interview we ask Scott about the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting, where Omar Mateen, a 29-year-old security guard, killed 49 people and wounded 53 others in a hate crime inside Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, United States.

Dr Scott McKinnon – Research Fellow on an Australian Research Council funded project investigating the experiences of LGBTI people in natural disasters. He also has his own podcast: PridePod

Hydroscope by Gallery Six
Tweedlebugs by Poddington Bear
RTÉ news The Declaration
TVNZ News Christchurch Earthquake: John Key Declares State of Emergency


Wikipedia/NASA Hurricane Katrina

Walk a mile in my shoes … teaching and learning empathy.




  • Producer: Michael Schubert
  • Walk a Mile in My Shoes – Teaching & Learning Empathy

Empathy. Is it something that can be learned or taught? This was the question Dr John Malouf considered when he conducted a meta-analysis of teaching empathy, which shows it can be done. Some do better than others, some have it trained out of them in the military and some violent offenders may benefit from being prescribed empathy training. Dr Malouf considers the options and chooses to create an online resource for empathy training.


Associate Professor John Malouf is a clinical psychologist and researcher based at the University of New England. He has an international reputation in behaviour modification and is known for his engaging presentations and critical thinking. Most of Associate Professor Malouff’s research focuses on evaluating the efficacy of (a) methods of coping with stressors, (b) types of psychotherapy, (c) self-help materials for psychological problems, and (d) methods used to increase adherence to recommendations of health professionals.

His recent meta-analysis has led to the development of a research program to determine the effectiveness teaching empathy via the internet. Please contact Dr Malouf directly if you are interested in this project.


Licensed music from AudioBlocks
“You Just Don’t Get It Do You” movie out-takes
Carl Rogers on Empathy
Solo Acoustic Guitar by John Shaw
The Paradox Of Essence by Art Of Empathy
Running Waters by John Shaw

Navigating the City as a Young Muslim

  • Producer : Dallas Rogers
  • Navigating the City as a Young Muslim

Have a look around you right now. Now what if I told you I could make you feel uneasy, perhaps even scared for your safety, with a few simple text messages. Would you believe me? Rhonda Itaoui says if you are young and Muslim, then claims of Islamic terrorism in social media will affect how you navigate the city. Rhonda is a part of the new Muslim vanguard in Sydney, young Muslims who are researching and speaking up against Islamophobia in Australian cities.


Rhonda Itaoui is a PhD candidate member of the Challenging Racism Project and sessional academic at Western Sydney University’s School of Social Sciences and Psychology. Rhonda’s 2016 Endeavour Postgraduate Scholarship funded PhD project investigates the geographical links between Islamophobia and the way young Muslims use the public spaces of ‘Western cities’, such as Sydney and the San Francisco Bay Area. Her 2014 honours study showed how Islamophobia negatively impacts the way young Muslims in Sydney engage in social and recreational spaces across the city.

Emily Eaton, BayFM, voiceover for the text message conversation.
Sarah Long, BayFM, voiceover for the text message conversation.


 ABC News The Sydney siege as it unfolded
9 NEWS Social Media Campaign supporting Muslims goes viral
The Verdict Mark Latham targets western Sydney
Free Music Archive Cylinder Seven by Chris Zabriskie
Free Music Archive La tapa del miércoles by Circus Marcus
Free Music Archive Bumble by Podington Bear
Free Music Archive Pacific by Psychadelik Pedestrian
Free Music Archive Impact Prelude by Kevin MacLeod


Kamal Zharif Kamaludin

Graffiti, street art, crime and creative cities




  • Producer : Dallas Rogers
  • Graffiti, Street Art, Crime and Creative Cities

What is the difference between graffiti and street art? Is one artistic form a crime and the other a reputable creative practice?

Emerging in North America in the 1960s, graffiti crossed the Pacific with hip-hop and break dancing in the 1980s.

Australian governments have long classified graffiti as a form of vandalism. Many cities have adopted tough legal measures to deter graffiti artists from tagging walls and trains.

The city of Hobart recently “declared a war” on graffiti. But other cities have begun to value and promote another form of public artistic practice, street art – effectively a legal form of graffiti.

We talk to Cameron McAuliffe about the new cultural and economic value of street art, and how many of the older graffiti artists have transitioned to street art to capitalise on the idea of the creative city.


Dr Cameron McAuliffe is a Lecturer in Human Geography and Urban Studies. He researchers the relationship between graffiti and street art, and the value of these art forms to the economies of our cities.


Ten NEWS New Graffiti Laws
Free Music Archive Highlights by Kris Anderson
Free Music Archive Hotel Rodeo ft. DSpliff by Anitek
Free Music Archive Contact by mo-seph

Seasons of Change : Nature vs Calendars




  • Producer : Michael Schubert
  • Seaasons of Change: Nature vs Calendars

Seasons are more than just the changes in weather, ecology and hours of daylight caused by the Earth’s rotation around the sun and the gentle tilt of the Earth’s axis.  Astronomers and meteorologists are at odds, and in Australia the conventional “Vivaldi” seasons are found wanting.  Seasons affect people and people, plants and animals are intimately connected with their own seasonal understanding.

I speak with Professor Tim Entwisle, Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Victoria and author of Sprinter and Summer : Australia’s Changing Seasons.  He has considered the natural biological responses of plants in particular and proposed, as a discussion paper, the inclusion of an additional “season” into our horticultural calendar.

Dr John Ryan from Edith Cowan University is an environmental philosopher and considers that an understanding of the indigenous weather calendar is essential to a deeper understanding of all disciplines in particular localities.  He has followed the development of the Indigenous Weather Knowledge Project by the Bureau of Meteorology, a compilation of indigenous seasonal calendars around Australia.


  • Professor Tim Entwisle – Director of Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria (formerly of Kew Gardens and RBG Sydney)
  • Dr John Ryan – Environmental Philosopher at Edith Cowan University (Perth)
  • Bureau of Meteorology Indigenous Weather Knowledge Project


Music from AudioBlocks royalty free library


The Migrant, the Refugee and the Border




  • Producer : Dallas Rogers
  • The Migrant, the Refugee and the Border

Questions about Australia’s refugee intake and skill migrant programs pivot on two key ideas: the notion of the border and the construction of a national identity.

What role will the migrant, the refugee and the border play in Australia in the Asian century? This episode explores these two ideas within the context of a changing geopolitical world.

Australia is a country of migrants. In 2014, 28.1% of Australia’s 6.6 million people were born overseas. To manage the flow of migrants many different visa types underwrite Australia’s skilled migration program.

Australia also has a long history of taking in refugees at times of crisis. More than 80,000 Vietnamese people moved to Australia in the decades following the Vietnam War. Many came as refugees.

The latest figures from the United Nations show over 200,000 people made the perilous Mediterranean crossing into Europe in October 2015 alone. Thousands of refugees are fleeing an escalating war in Syria and beyond. Australia’s long-term role in Syrian refugee settlement is still unclear.


Professor Ien Ang is a Professor of Cultural Studies and founding Director of the Institute for Culture and Society. She is an international leader in field of cultural studies, with interdisciplinary work spanning many areas of the humanities and social sciences.

Her interdisciplinary work deals with patterns of cultural flow and exchange in our globalised world, and focuses on issues surrounding migration, ethnicity and multiculturalism in Australia and Asia.

Dr Shanthi Robertson is a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Culture and Society. Her research interests are broadly around the social and cultural consequences of globalisation, with a specific focus on transnational migration, citizenship, multiculturalism and urban social change within the Asia-Pacific region.


ABC QandA Episode 37, 12 October 2015
ABC NEWS Jenny McGregor, head of Asia-Link
SBS NEWS 25 OCT 2015
Free Music Archive Night Owl by Broke For Free
Free Music Archive Metal Planet by Alasdair Cooper
Free Music Archive Dream (instrumental) by Chan Wai Fat







  • Producer: Michael Schubert
  • Fit4Two: Pregnancy, Fitness & Entrepreneurial Research

Research is not a business. Think again, Dr Melanie Hayman has taken an entrepreneurial approach to researching fitness during pregnancy. It involves marketing strategies, a seven foot tall, hot pink, pregnant cardboard woman called Sophia and an innovative online program delivered via your GP or midwife.


Dr Melanie Hayman is a physical activity researcher based at Central Queensland University [CQU], Australia, where she is the Head of the Bachelor of Health Science course in the School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences.

Melanie’s research is focused on women’s health, more specifically the health and fitness during pregnancy, as well as the successful integration of e-Health and m-Health interventions into clinical care.

Melanie’s work culminated in an activity-during-pregnancy intervention project titled Fit4Two.  Melanie’s presentation at the 2016 5 Minute Research Pitch was so successful that she won both the sciences category and the overall best presentation.



An investigation into medical practitioners’ knowledge of
exercise during pregnancy guidelines, in the Australian Journal of Rural Health.
Confusion surrounds physical activity prescription
for pregnant women, in the Health Promotion Journal of Australia.
Regionally based medical practitioners may need support
when prescribing exercise to pregnant women, in the Australian Journal of Rural Health.
An investigation into the exercise behaviours of regionally based
Australian pregnant women, in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.
Position Statement: Exercise in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period, Sports Medicine Australia




Will Bangs, I’m So Glad That You Exist
Jon Luc Hefferman, Triumph
Audioblocks royalty free stock music.