Category Archives: Sociology

Hypermasculinity and Sports


Executive Producer: Dallas Rogers
Producer: Alejandra Villanueva

Hypermasculinity and Sports

We are used to seeing or playing sport without really thinking about the multiple sociocultural factors that take place in the game and on the field. Gina Krone delves into some of the most significant features of the most popular Australian sports. She analyses the concept of hypermasculinity looking at the physicality needed to practice AFL and Rugby, and how the body and minds of athletes have been portrayed and enacted according to different historical periods. In this episode we talk about the pedagogical strategies of the colonial project in Australia, and how globalised sports like Rugby are a useful case study to analyse issues such as masculinity, ethnicity and racism.

FEATURED

Alejandre Villanueva

SONY DSCAlejandra Villanueva is a Cultural Anthropologist, currently doing her PhD at the Institute for Culture and Society at Western Sydney University.  She’s interested in the significance of sporting practices in contemporary societies, and how by looking at sports we can understand the processes of gender identity construction, socioeconomic inequalities and the social structures that shape the ways in which we understand work and leisure.

Gina Krone

Gina KroneGina Krone is a social researcher currently undertaking her PhD at RMIT exploring sport as cultural practice for diasporic Pasifika communities living in multicultural urban centres in Australia and Aotearoa/New Zealand.

 

AUDIO

 

Camels, Places and People


Producer: Michael Schubert
Camels, Places & People
Assembling perspectives in the environment

Camels provide an unlikely perspective to view the Australian environment, but human geographer Leah Gibbs is interested in people and places.  Her work questions the notion of “feral”, “introduced” and “invasive” species, and rather confronts the situation from an assemblage perspective.  Taking the wider view, incorporating the narrative of all stakeholders, including non-human species and their contributions, provides a starting point to challenge simplistic dualistic thinking.

I talk to Leah Gibbs about her work in Camel country, the analysis of camel assemblages and the way this approach challenges a simplistic narrative of invasive species.

 

FEATURED

leahgibbsDr Leah Gibbs is a human geographer and Senior Lecturer in Geography in the School of Geography and Sustainable Communities and the Australian Centre for Cultural Environmental Research [AUSCCER] at the University of Wollongong.

 

AUDIO

Bruce Miller, Camel Guide Song 2 [field recording]
Scott Holmes, Breathe New Life
Scott Holmes, Chasing Shadows
Scott Holmes, Mother Nature

PUBLICATION

Camel country: Assemblage, belonging and scale in invasive species geographies

 

Gentrification & The Green Bans


Producer: Dallas Rogers
Gentrification & The Green Bans

In this episode, we take to the streets of Sydney. We meet public housing resident Barney Gardner at his house in the suburb of Millers Point, which is just under Sydney Harbour Bridge.

I’ve spent a bit of time with Barney over the last couple of years, interviewing him for various research projects on inner city gentrification.

Barney was born in Millers Point and has lived there all his life. In 2014, he was told he had to move out of his house and the neighbourhood. The public housing he was living in was being sold off.

For most of the last two centuries Millers Point’s proximity to major wharves and maritime industries saw the place develop as a largely low-income, working class neighbourhood. In the early 1970s the ‘Green Bans’ saved the suburb from modernist redevelopment.

I talk to Nicole Cook, a Lecturer at the University of Wollongong, about urban development in Sydney, and what the Green Bans teach us about Global Sydney.

FEATURED

Dr Nicole Cook is a Lecturer in the School of Geography and Sustainable Communities at The University of Wollongong. Nicole is an urban geographer with research interests in urban governance, power and participation, social movement and resident activism, housing and home.

Barney Gardner was born in Millers Point and has lived there all his life.

AUDIO

Blue Dot Sessions, Outside the Terminal
The Kyoto Connection, Close to the Abyss
NSW Parliament, Life time resident Barney Gardner addresses crowd outside NSW Parliament House
Tanya Plibersek, Millers Point Public Housing
Blue Print for Living, Iconic Buildings: Sirius Building
SHFATheRocks, Jack Mundey and the Victory – Part 3 of 3

Superheroes and Fascism


Producer: Dallas Rogers
Superheroes and Fascism

Superhero films are big business. Avengers: Age of Ultron recently passed US$1 billion in box office sales. The first Avengers film is currently third in all-time box office rankings.

The popularity and success of Batman, Ironman and The Avengers have contributed to a revival of the American superhero on the big screen. And though the latest films may seem like modern superhero narratives, the themes that make them relevant today stretch back to the 1930s and 40s, and the environment that gave rise to the first superheroes: the great depression, an undercurrent of fascism in America, and the looming Second World War.

Dallas Rogers speaks with Jason Dittmer on the continued relevance of superheroes in both popular and political culture, and the influence of fascism and geopolitical forces on the superhero narrative.
Jason Dittmer is the author of Captain America and the Nationalist Superhero: Metaphors, Narratives, and Geopolitics.

AUDIO

Podington Bear: Fathomless
Blue Dot Sessions: Modul Kalimba

In Search of Silence


Producer: Michael Schubert
In Search of Silence

Do you want to hear all about silence? Perhaps silence is simply the absence of sound. Not noise. But is that it? I’m on a quest in search of silence, to explore the views of those who work with sound, and those who deal with silence. The quest will take me to the quietest rooms and the noisiest streets, in search of silence.

I asked the experts, sat in silent rooms and explored a diversity of views. What I found was a range of definitions and a fascination amongst those who work with silence. From hearing and communication researchers to composers, musicians, sound recording engineers and naturalists and acoustic ecologists – they all had their point of view, their lens on silence.

The anechoic chamber, a silent room, rumoured to drive you crazy turned out to be serene, unusual and compelling. Hearing Researchers told me that we don’t hear sounds in our head at all, it’s all electrical currents. Not sound at all. Composers and sound recordists considered silence to be as important as sound. Conductors insist that musicians needed to learn how to play silence in order to create great performances.

I talked with Professor David McAlpine from the Australian Hearing Hub, a researcher who opened the door to the anechoic chamber, Richard Gill, composer, conductor and music educator who is currently exploring how to play silence, and Guntis Sics, who is always on film sets and finds his version of professional silence different to absolute silence.

Does silence exist? Would we want silence if we could actually find it? Will our brain allow silence to exist for us? These are some of the questions posed and answered as I go In Search of Silence.

Visit In Search of Silence for blog posts and interviews.

This piece was made for the CBAA National Features & Documentary Series 2016, a showcase of work by new and emerging Australian community radio producers, with training and mentoring provided by the Community and Media Training Organisation.

Listen: Stop Doing So Much Work

Producer : Michael Schubert

Listen: Stop Doing So Much Work
Hearing Lessons for Creative Research

Focusing on work rather than thinking gets in the way of innovative research and collaboration, says David McAlpine. David heads a communication research group, The Hearing Hub and he walks his own talk. Collaborating with researchers, not for profits and corporate partners, he is demonstrating a new model for outcome-based research. With a focus on improving the communication experience over the lifetime, he’s worth listening to.

There are two narratives in this story. First, The Hearing Hub is a multidisciplinary collaborative research centre located within a university. The centre collaborates with academic, not for profit, government and corporate stakeholders. Making this model work, without compromising the research outcomes, is a major accomplishment for The Hearing Hub and its Director. The second narrative is a compelling ‘call to action’. David asks us to consider new paradigms of research; incorporating diverse members of the research community as well as the beneficiaries of the research. It is a model based on quality not quantity, creativity and rigour, and it is an approach that is not tied to the publish or perish imperative that drives many contemporary research centres.

FEATURED

DavidMcAlpineProfessor David McAlpine is Macquarie University’s Director of Hearing Research at the Australian Hearing Hub and is a 2016 Australian Laureate Fellow by the Australian Research Council (ARC). Dr McAlpine joined Macquarie University in 2015, after a decade as the Professor of Auditory Neuroscience at University College London and Director of the UCL Ear Institute.

He says that communication is a vital aspect of what it means to be human, and hearing is critical to communication. His research interests span neural modeling, methods for recording individual neurons in the brain, as well as brain-imaging and electrophysiology in normal and hearing-impaired listeners, including those who use cochlear implants. The outcomes of this research could help to improve our understanding of how we naturally perform these remarkable feats, with potential applications in how we can restore the ability in individuals who have lost their hearing and rely on hearing devices to hear.

ahh logoMQ_INT_HOR_RGB_POS

 

 

AUDIO

 

Super-Rich and Cities: Coming Soon To A Suburb Near You

Producer: Dallas Rogers

Super-Rich and Cities: Coming Soon To A Suburb Near You

We’re becoming increasingly fascinated with the super-rich. But how different are the super-rich from us? You might have seen the US television series Secret Lives of the Super Rich? It’s a voyeuristic exploration into the lives of wealthy people; shot against a backdrop of expensive mansions, luxury cars and private jets.

The emergence of new groups of super-rich is not just a local phenomenon. The Canadian online documentary series Ultra Rich Girls features the daughters of super-rich Chinese Canadians who are living in Vancouver. It’s broadcast in Mandarin and English, and it provides a pop-culture snapshot of the changing geopolitics and the global emergence of new groups of super-rich from Asia. But what do we mean we talk about “the super-rich”?

In this episode, Dallas talks to Ray Forrest and Ilan Wiesel about the super-rich in Australia, Asia and beyond. Ilan is interested in wealthy groups in Sydney and Melbourne. He’s been looking at the social and cultural networks that wealthy people create in Australian cities. Drawing on the work of the French philosopher Pierre Bourdieu – and two of his ideas in particular: Social Capital and Cultural Capital – he discusses the role elite people and places are playing in the politics of infrastructure provision in Australia.

Ray starts with Thomas Piketty’s best-selling book Capital in the Twenty-First Century to take a more global look at the super-rich. He suggests the changing nationalities of the super-rich, and the changing forms and sources of their wealth, are creating new dilemmas for academics. Ray rethinks the super-rich and their wealth, and explores how and why countries like Australia, UK and Canada are making their countries super-rich friendly.

FEATURED

Ray ForrestProfessor Ray Forrest is Chair Professor of Housing and Urban Studies and Head of the Department of Public Policy, City University of Hong Kong. He has worked at the University of Birmingham (UK) and the University of Bristol, where he was appointed to a Chair in Urban Studies in 1994. At Bristol he was Head of the School for Policy Studies (2001-2004), Associate Director/Director of the Centre for East Asian Studies (2004-2008) and co-director of the ESRC Centre for Neighbourhood Research (2001-2005).

Dr Ilan WieselDr Ilan Wiesel’s research investigates sustainable housing and urban policy through detailed analysis of the housing experiences, needs and aspirations of diverse social groups. He is also interested in the policies and practices of city builders and policy makers. Before joining University of Melbourne in May 2016 he was as a Senior Research Fellow at the University of New South Wales (2009-2016).

AUDIO

Free Music Archive: Ars Sonor (1) Runsten and (2) The Spring Drone

Climate Change – Personal Experience Catalyses Acceptance & Motivation

Michael Schubert

Climate Change – Personal Experience Catalyses Acceptance and Motivation

Climate change is more than changing weather patterns, sea level rises and catastrophic events.  Dr Joseph Reser points out it is the psychological impacts on individuals of this ongoing stressor and how they will manage their psychological responses and lifestyle options that are the most important factors, yet which are receiving little attention in policy decisions and planning. Are you psychologically prepared?

The ongoing and profound threat of climate change is here and now, affecting quality of life and environment, mental health and well-being, and how people feel about and respond to environmental issues. There is a crucial need to be effectively documenting, and monitoring these psychological impacts as well as taking action to address them.”
Joseph Reser

FEATURED

josephreserJoseph Reser is a Professor in the School of Applied Psychology at Griffith University and an Emeritus Reader at the University of Durham in England. He is a Fellow of the Australian Psychological Society and a member of the American Psychological Association’s Task Force on Psychology and Climate Change. Joseph was  also the lead researcher on a recent National Climate Change Adaptation Response Facility (NCCARF)-funded research program addressing public risk perceptions, understandings and responses to climate change and natural disasters in Australia.

He is also a contributing author to the most recent [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] IPCC Report and a just released U.S. government interagency report, The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. Joseph is a U.S. trained environmental and social psychologist with a long term involvement in human response to environmental threat.

AUDIO

Sarah Farnsworth, The World Today, 30 April 2015, Climate change report warns of health impacts
Michael Edwards, The World Today, 8 March 2016, Climate change could bring more rain to desert areas
Michael Bressenden, The World Today, 22 September 2015, Defence under-prepared for climate change security threat
Simon Lauder,  The World Today, 22 March 2016, World Meteorological Organization warns of unprecedented climate change
Tony Blair [AP Archives], Former UK PM Blair urges world leaders to deal with Climate Change
Al Gore [Guardian Interviews], Climate change deniers won’t win

Alex Fitch, We Call This Home III [Free Music Archive]
Alex Fitch, Milepost 1 [Free Music Archive]
Sound effects AUDIOBLOCKS

FURTHER READING

REPORTS

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2014) IPCC Fifth Assessment Report Climate Change 2014: Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability (AR5): Contributing author to Chapter 25, Australasia. Reisinger, A., Kitching, R., et al. Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC Secretariat.

Reser, J.P., Bradley, G.L., Glendon, A.I., Ellul, M.C. & Callaghan, R. (2012) Public risk perceptions, understandings and responses to climate change and natural disasters in Australia: 2010-2011 national survey findings. Gold Coast, Qld: National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility.  www.nccarf.edu.au/publications/public-risk-perceptions-second-survey

Dodgen, D., Donato, D., Dutta, T., Kelly, N., La Greca, A., Morganstein, J., Reser, J.P., Ruzek, J., Schweitzer, S. & Shimamoto, M. (2015) Mental health and well-being. In U.S. National Climate Assessment/U.S. Global Change Research Program US Global Change Research Program (USCGRP) Climate and Health Assessment: Interagency special report on the impacts of climate change on human health in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. National Climate Assessment/U.S. Global Change Research Program. In press.

CHAPTERS

Reser, J.P., Bradley, G.L. & Ellul, M.C. (2015) Public risk perceptions, understandings and responses to climate change. In J. Palutikof, S. Boulter, J. Barnett, & D. Rissik (Eds) Applied studies in climate adaptation (pp 43-50). Chichester, England: Wiley-Blackwell.

Bradley, G. L., Reser, J. P., Glendon, A. I., & Ellul, M. C. (2014). Distress and coping in response to climate change. In K. Kaniasty, Buchwald, P., Howard, S., & Moore, K. (Eds.), Stress and anxiety. Applications to social and environmental threats, psychological wellbeing, occupational challenges, and developmental psychology (pp. 33-42). Berlin: Logos Verlag.

Reser, J.P., Bradley, G.L. & Ellul, M.C. (2012) Coping with climate change: Bringing psychological adaptation in from the cold. In B. Molinelli & V. Grimaldo (Eds) Handbook of the psychology of coping: Psychology of emotions, motivations and actions (pp 1-34). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Reser, J.P., Morrissey, S.A. & Ellul, M. (2011) The threat of climate change: Psychological response, adaptation, and impacts. In I. Weissbecker (2011) (Ed) Climate change and human well being (pp 19-42). International and Cultural Psychology Series. New York: Springer Publications.

ARTICLES

Reser, J.P. (2015) Coming to terms with climate change: The multiple benefits of psychological preparedness and taking action. The Dialogue, 11 (2) 4-5.

Reser, J.P., Bradley, G.L. & Ellul, .C. (2014) Encountering climate change: ‘Seeing’ is more than ‘Believing’ Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5 (4) 521-537. Doi:1002/wcc.286

Hine, D.W., Reser, J.P., Phillips, W., Cooksey, R., Nunn, P., Morrison, M. (2014) Audience segmentation and climate change communication: Conceptual and methodological considerations. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 5 (4) 441-459.

Reser, J.P. (2012) What does ‘belief’ in climate change really mean? The Conversation, 10 August, 2012.  http://theconversation.edu.au/what-does-belief-in-climate-change-really-mean-8746

Reser, J.P. & Swim, J. (2011) Adapting to and coping with the threat and impacts of climate change. American Psychologist, 66 (4) 277-289.

Swim, J., Clayton, S., Doherty, T., Gifford, R., Howard, G., Reser, J., Stern, P. & Weber, E. (2011) Psychological contributions to understanding and addressing global climate change. Special issue. American Psychologist, 66 (4) 241-328.

Reser, J.P. (2011) Polls, framings and public understandings: Climate change and opinion polls. The Conversation, 1 July, 2011.  http://theconversation.edu.au search?q=Reser

Reser, J.P. (2011) Australia and climate change – Beliefs about public belief may be quite wrong, The Conversation, 9 June 2011. http://theconversation.edu.au search?q=Reser

Factory Farming and Urban Planning

Executive Producer : Dallas Rogers
Producer : Elizabeth Taylor

Factory Farming and Urban Planning: Killing Two Million Birds With One Zone

Dr Liz Taylor

Australians consume over 600 million chickens each year. The vast majority are grown in intensive, vertically integrated factory farming operations called ‘broiler’ farms – some of which house over a million chickens at any one time. While many of us can barely imagine what a million chickens in a shed might look or smell like, peri-urban and rural communities often have firsthand experience. Australians consume a lot of cheap chicken, but planning conflicts show not everyone appreciates an intensive chicken factory as a neighbour. Factory farms are a frequently polarising form of agriculture.

In this episode, SoundMinds Radio producer Liz Taylor visits the Victorian town of Castlemaine near a growing cluster of contentious large-scale commercial chicken farms. One recent proposal has seen over two years of planning dispute and may result in Supreme Court action. Liz speak with La Trobe Bendigo researcher Dr Andrew Butt about his research into rural land use planning issues and the pressures of the increasing scale of agricultural systems. Liz also speaks to a local resident who leads a local group concerned about the local impacts intensive farms.

This is a story about how urban planning works in rural areas. As intensive agriculture increases in scale, it causes planning conflicts and places pressures on established practices and regulations. Urban planning comes from an urban tradition, and typically the theories used for thinking about the rural and the urban divide can be quite blunt. ‘Farms’ go in rural zones. But if 21st century farming looks like a million chickens in a shed, a ‘factory’ farm, certainty about what a farm is and where it belongs becomes clouded. Andrew discusses the challenges for planning systems and the risks of trying to close down political discussions about the ethics and impacts of factory farming.

FEATURED

Dr Elizabeth Taylor, RMIT University – Producer

Elizabeth is a Vice Chancellor’s Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in the Centre for Urban Research at RMIT University. Her interests are in policy-focused research across urban planning, housing markets, property rights and locational conflict and her research often makes use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS). An increasing research focus is car parking policy. Elizabeth’s publications have explored the housing market implications of urban containment policies; the contested role of research in planning practice; and the ‘Not in My Back Yard’ (NIMBY) phenomenon. The latter includes food, waste and animal-based land uses – like intensive chicken farms – that expose contradictions in the distribution of rights associated with production and consumption.

Dr Andrew Butt, La Trobe University

Dr Andrew ButtDr Andrew Butt is a Senior Lecturer at La Trobe University with over 20 years practical experience in planning practice, education and research. He has a strong teaching and research interest in rural landscape change and the interaction of planning systems and agricultural restructuring, particularly in peri-urban areas. His research and practice has involved analysis of farmland change, developing scenarios for land development in rural areas and work on the promotion of local food systems. He has also been involved in policy development and research in the areas of intensive farming and land use conflict with a focus on planning systems and practice.

AUDIO

The Taylor Project: Animals [courtesy of Liz Taylor, used with permission]

IMAGE

Courtesy AnonHQ.com

Alternative Media is Alive and Well

Michael Schubert

Alternative Media is Alive and Well

susan-fordeAlternative media was what happened before the commercialisation and professionalisation of communication. In an age of multiple media ownerships, the voice of alternative journalism can still be heard. Associate Professor Susan Forde researches and teaches “Alternative Journalism”. Through her practice, research and teaching Susan has developed a unique critical perspective of the place of alternative media and alternative journalism in the media landscape.

FEATURED

Associate Professor Susan Forde, Director of the Centre for Cultural and Social Research, Griffith University.

AUDIO

Chris Zariske, Everybody’s Got Problems That Aren’t Mine
Jon Luc Hefferman, Curious
Fabrizio Paterini, Lontana, docemente sospesa
ABC RN, 100 News Jobs go as Network Ten cuts costs
ABCRN,  Fairfax media cuts up to 15 per cent of reporters, says papers will be better
ABC RN, Fairfax cuts more jobs